The Kunság wine region is located in the Alföld with sandy soil and is the largest wine region in the country. Previously, some of the vines were planted to bind the quicksand.
With the exception of Tiszaföldvár, the Kunság wine region is located between the Danube and Tisza, in the Kiskunság area. The structure of its soil is mainly sand and loess.
The size of the area is 27 hectares, whose climatic conditions are characterized by poor rainfall. Summer is typically sunny and hot, and winter is cold and dry. The wine region is divided into eight districts and there are a total of 903 settlements in its area. The size of each district is otherwise the same as the average vineyard area of other wine regions in the country. The wine region is made up of 96 mountain communities with 68 grape and wine-producing mountain community members, and around 32 tons of grapes are harvested in the area and wine is made from it.
About the Kunság wine region here we wrote more.
In the Kunság wine region, which is the largest wine region in the country, 64 grape varieties are grown. The varieties cultivated in the largest area are the Golden Sárfehér, the Zala Gyöngye, the Ezerjó, the Kékfrankos, the Cserszeg Spicy, the Riesling Szilváni, the Kövidinka, the Kadarka, the Rhine Riesling and the Italian Riesling, the Zweigelt, and in recent years the bianca, a resistant grape variety, which varieties occupy almost two-thirds of the total vineyard area. A large part of the white wines produced belong to light wines with a harmonious composition. The only indigenous blue grape in the wine region is the Kadarka, which shows its ruby red, spicy-smelling, juicy face the most in the wine region. In recent years, however, serious, substantial white and red wines have also appeared on the market, proving the potential inherent in the wine region. More and more wineries are offering rosé, which is so fashionable these days, with wines that achieve serious results at international wine competitions.
From the times before the Battle of Mohács, no evidence has been found that viticulture was common in the area of Kiskunság and Nagykunság. The first written document of early grape production in the area of the wine region is the foundation letter of the Garamszentbenedek Abbey from 1075, which mentions that King Géza I donated the vineyard hills of Upper Alpár (now Lakitelek-Szikra) and Kürt (now Tiszakürt) to the abbey. In spite of all this, stopping the phenomenon that limits agricultural utilization, that is, binding the land, was the initial reason why they first started experimenting with planting grapes in this region. Towards the end of the 19th century, phylloxera swept across Europe, which did not directly affect the sandy soil, but the national reconstruction of grape and fruit cultivation also had an impact on the plant culture here.
After the destruction of phylloxera, the value of immune sand areas, where this dangerous pest cannot live, increased. At that time, János Mathiasz, the deservedly world-famous grape breeder, settled in Kecskemét. By the end of the 19th century, the vineyard area of the wine region had multiplied. During the second reconstruction carried out in the 1960s, the vineyard area continued to grow, but at that time it was still due to the planting of traditional, mostly simple mass wine varieties. However, starting from the 1970s, prestigious quality varieties became predominant in large-scale plantations and small farms. Several important wineries operate in the wine region, and they regularly participate in various wine competitions, where they achieve outstanding results. Thanks to these, the cities of the wine region - Cegléd, Izsák, Kecskemét, Kecel, Kiskunhalas, Kiskőrös, Soltvadkert - can rightly be called wine cities.
The extensiveness of the wine region and the wide range of wines produced rightfully form the basis of the motto of the wine region: "Kunság wine is the wine of everyday life". Here, the consumer will find a wide range of high-quality table and country wines, which are essential for daily meals and friendly conversations, but also extremely delicious, typical quality white, rosé and red wines, excellent champagnes, spiced wines and spirits suitable for festive occasions and special dishes.
It shows the strength of the wine region and supports its quality development, that in 2007, in the person of Soltvadkert winemaker János Frittmann, the Kunság Borvidék was awarded the Wine Producer of the Year.
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