Today, "thanks" to Hungary's changing climate, all agricultural workers, including grape growers, have to face drought.
By the end of August, the drought that caused irreversible damage to a significant part of the plants was already present in the spring, and further intensified in the summer, in most of the Great Plain, also in the Csongrád, Kunság and Hajós-Baja wine regions (where practically all Hungarian grape varieties can be found). By the way, this year's severe drought is not a unique case, a similar drought has devastated this region for nearly 100 years.
According to the researchers of the Eötvös Loránd University, the Great Plains may become completely dry every August (based on the most pessimistic forecasts) by the end of the century, and the extreme drought will result in serious agricultural damage and crop losses.
According to some experts, the solution to the complete desertification of the Great Plain may be to "re-irrigate" the Great Plain. This would mean that part of the landscape would be returned to water and nature, farming would have to be abandoned in these areas and periodic water coverage restored.
Effects of drought
The winemakers jokingly said that there was only one good thing about the drought. Fortunately, the vast majority of fungi and bacteria do not like this hot, dry weather. Regardless of this, it is a sad fact that due to the lack of rainfall, the grapes only gained half the weight compared to last year.
As a result, the skin and flesh ratio of the berries of the grape varieties has changed. In the case of red wines, this can have a positive effect, since the quality of the wine increases proportionally with the decrease in yield. Unfortunately, in the case of white varieties, the positive effect is not always so clear.
Follow our Facebook page where you can meet daily information!
Photos: Wikpédia Commons